PROTECTS AMERICANS’ HEALTH AND OUR ENVIRONMENT
Subjects all chemicals to an EPA review for the first time
- EPA will conduct a risk-based review of all chemicals in commerce.
- New chemicals will be subject to EPA review before they can come to market.
- Risk evaluations must be based only on human health and environmental considerations.
- EPA must consider vulnerable groups like infants, pregnant women, and the elderly.
Requires EPA to focus on chemicals that are the highest priorities
- EPA will establish a transparent, risk-based process to identify high and low priority chemicals that considers a chemical’s inherent hazards; uses; typical exposures to people, including vulnerable groups, and the environment; proximity to drinking water sources; and other relevant information.
- A thorough risk evaluation will be conducted on all chemicals designated as “high priority.”
Makes it easier for EPA to require more safety testing of chemicals
- Empowers EPA to require manufacturers to perform additional safety testing on chemicals if the Agency believes more data is needed to make a safety determination. In the past EPA had to demonstrate that a chemical didn’t meet the safety standard before it could require more tests.
Gives EPA a full range of options to manage risks posed by chemicals
- EPA will apply risk management measures to any chemical found to present an unreasonable risk that could include labeling requirements, use restrictions, phase-outs, or bans.
- Compliance with all rules must be as soon as practicable, but generally within five years.
Sets aggressive yet attainable deadlines for EPA to complete its work
- EPA has 180 days from enactment to have risk evaluations underway on the first 10 high priority chemicals, which will be pulled from EPA’s existing Work Plan Chemicals list.
- Within 1 year, EPA must establish the process to identify additional high and low priority chemicals.
- Within 1 year, chemical manufacturers must report to EPA all chemicals they are currently producing or processing so the Agency has an accurate accounting of chemicals currently in commerce.
- Within 3.5 years, EPA must have evaluations underway for at least 20 high priority chemicals.
- Risk evaluations must be complete in 3 years, with a possible 6 month extension.